What are the three qualifications to be President of the United States? What are the roles of the President in the federal government? What are 5 of the Constitutional powers of the executive branch? What are the 4 goals of foreign policy and what are the five tools used to achieve those goals? How do political appointees lead to the spoils system? Compare the spoils system to the merit system. What are the benefits and problems with bureaucracy? How does the Electoral College function for choosing the President? How is a progressive tax applied to income tax in the United States?
1.-The constitution of the USA states the qualifications for the Presidency — the President must be 35 years of age, be a natural born citizen, and must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years.
2.-The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress.
3.-The executive branch of the U.S. government is responsible for enforcing laws; its power is vested in the President. The President acts as both the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Independent federal agencies, The president appoints each Cabinet member, The vice president is ready to assume the power.
4.-a)Preserving the national security of the United States. b)Promoting world peace and a secure global environment. c) Maintaining a balance of power among nations. d) Working with allies to solve international problems.
The five tools used to achieve these goals are Diplomacy, Foreign aid, Sanctions, Military Force, Deterrence which is convincing other countries.
5.-In the politics of the United States, the system of political appointees (also known as a patronage system) which is a practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its supporters, friends and relatives as a reward for working toward. This practice lead to the spoils system when these appointees are not so well prepared since they were chosen because they were friends of the leader elected.
6.- The merit system is a lot better because the ones that know about an issue are the best to solve that problem.
7.- Bureaucracy is a real problem everywhere. For governments is a good way to pay political favors, but it ends up in a terrible system that harms citizens in the long run.
8. – The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators.
9.- Income tax is a progressive tax because it burdens more to the ones that have more.